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Belgian researchers - Oceans

Schoemann, Véronique
Dr

Dr. Véronique SCHOEMANN obtained a thesis FRIA grant to study the sequestration mechanisms of Iron and Manganese by the marine Prymnesiophyte: Phaeocystis sp. at ESA (1992-1996). She then benefit of a 2 years EU-TMR grant on the subject: “Significance of Iron and Manganese Sequestration mechanisms by Phaeocystis colonies for carbon and trace elements cycling in Arctic waters” at the Netherlands Institute for Sea Research in the Department of Chemical Oceanography and Geology (Prof. Dr. H.J.W. de Baar). During this stay, she developed her skills in the field of trace metal analysis and her knowledge on the interaction of trace metal with phytoplankton physiology in Polar ecosystems. She has completed her PhD on the Role of Phaeocystis on the biogeochemical cycles of Fe and Mn. She participated in expeditions to both northern (April-July 1996) and southern Polar (March-May 1999) ecosystems. At present, she is working on the effect of Fe limitation on Polar microbial communities and on the role of microbiological processes in the biogeochemical cycle and bioavailability of Fe in the pelagic and sea-ice ecosystems. She is coordinating the activities of Focus 1 of the International Research initiative SOLAS (« Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study ») in topics like Fe enrichment experiments, DMS cycling and halogen chemistry.

Activities

  • Federal Science Policy
    • SPSD-II-Global Change: Assessing the sensitivity of the southern ocean’s biological carbon pump to climate change. 2001-2005 (BELCANTO II)
    • SD-Climate and Atmosphere (BELCANTO III)
    • SPSD- II-Support actions: BE-POLES cluster. 2005-2007
    • SPSD-II-Specific action: Scientific Office of Focus 1 of international SOLAS (Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study)
  • Communauté Française de Belgique
    • SIBClim - Sea Ice Biogeochemistry in a climate Change Perspective ; 2002-2007
  • EU-FP5
    • 1. CARUSO - Carbon dioxide Uptake by the southern ocean): 1998-2001
    • 2. IRONAGES - Iron Resources and oceanic nutrients-Advancement of Global Environment Simulations): 2000-2003

  • Research programme:
    • SPSD II: Antarctica V
    • SD: Antarctica VI
  • Research group: Université Libre de Bruxelles - Ecologie des Systèmes Aquatiques (ESA-ULB)
  • Research projects:
    • BELCANTO - Assessing the sensitivity of the Southern Ocean’s biological pump to climate change
    • SIBClim - Sea Ice Biogeochemistry in a CLimate change perspective
  • Related activities: -

List of publications

Peer reviewed papers

de Jong, J. T. M., M. Boye, V. F. Schoemann, R. F. Nolting & H. J. W. de Baar (2000) Shipboard techniques based on flow injection analysis for measuring dissolved Fe, Mn and Al in seawater. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 2: 496-502.

Schoemann, V., R. Wollast, L. Chou & C. Lancelot (2001) Effects of photosynthesis on the accumulation of Mn and Fe by Phaeocystis colonies. Limnology and Oceanography 46: 1065-1076.

Schoemann, V., S. Becquevort, J. Stefels, V. Rousseau & C. Lancelot (2005) Phaeocystis blooms in the global ocean and their controlling mechanisms: a review. Journal of Sea Research 53(1-2): 43-66.

Pasquer, B, G. Laruelle, S. Becquevort, V. Schoemann, H. Goosse & C. Lancelot (2005) Linking Ocean Biogeochemical Cycles and Ecosystem Structure and Function: Results of the Complex Swamco-4 Model. J. Sea Res. 53: 93-108.

Lannuzel D., J.T.M. de Jong, V. Schoemann, A. Trevena, J-L Tison & L. Chou. Development of a sampling and flow injection analysis technique for iron determination in the sea ice environment. Analytica Chimica Acta (In Press).

PhDs

Schoemann Véronique (2000). On the role of Phaeocystis sp. in the biogeochemical cycles of manganese and iron. Ph.D. thesis. Université Libre de Bruxelles.

Campaign reports

Schoemann, V. (1999) Cruise report ANTXVI/3, Study of the mechanisms controlling phytoplankton growth in late summer-early autumn in the Southern Ocean with special attention to iron and silicate physiology., p 60-63. Reports on Polar Research, 364.

Project reports

Dehairs, F., C. Lancelot, L. Andre, M. Frankignoulle, E. Deleersnijder, S. Becquevort, D. Cardinal, T. Cattaldo, B. Delille, M. Elskens, N. Fagel, H. Goosse, J. Navez, G. Probst, V. Schoemann (2003) An Integrated Approach to Assess Carbon dynamics in the Southern Ocean. BELCANTO. In (2003). Belgian Scientific Research programme on the Antarctic, phase 4 (1997-2001), Scientific results: 1. Marine biota and global change. pp. 1-160

Lancelot, C., S. Becquevort, V. Schoemann, B. Pasquer. Estimation de la sensibilité de la pompe biologique de l’océan Austral au changement climatique. (Décembre 2001) Etude des processus liés au plancton et modélisation biogéochimique. Rapport intermédiaire Belcanto-2 (SSTC).

C. Lancelot, C., S. Becquevort, V. Schoemann, B. Pasquer. Estimation de la sensibilité de la pompe biologique de l’océan Austral au changement climatique. (Décembre 2002) Etude des processus liés au plancton et modélisation biogéochimique. Rapport intermédiaire Belcanto-2 (SSTC).

C. Lancelot, S. Becquevort, V. Schoemann, B. Pasquer. Estimation de la sensibilité de la pompe biologique de l’océan Austral au changement climatique. (Novembre 2003) Etude des processus liés au plancton et modélisation biogéochimique. Rapport intermédiaire Belcanto-2 (SSTC).

C. Lancelot, S. Becquevort, V. Schoemann, B. Pasquer. Estimation de la sensibilité de la pompe biologique de l’océan Austral au changement climatique. (Novembre 2004). Etude des processus liés au plancton et modélisation biogéochimique. Rapport intermédiaire Belcanto-2 (SSTC).

Tison J.L., Lorrain R., Verbeke V., Lancelot C., Becquevort S., Schoemann V., Chou L., de Jong J. (2003). Biogéochimie de la glace de mer dans la perspective des changements climatiques. Rapport annuel. pp. 1-57.

Tison J.L., Lorrain R., Verbeke V., Lancelot C., Becquevort S., Schoemann V., Chou L., de Jong J. (2004). Biogéochimie de la glace de mer dans la perspective des changements climatiques. Rapport annuel. pp. 1-71.

Symposium abstracts

Schoemann, V., Herzl, V. and C. Lancelot. 1996. On mechanisms of manganese sequestration by Phaeocystis colonies. 1996 Ocean Sciences Meeting, San Diego, California. 12-16 February 1996. EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union. 76 (3):135.

Schoemann, V., Becquevort, S., Stefels, J., Rousseau, V. and C. Lancelot. 2003. Phaeocystis blooms in the global Ocean and their controlling mechanisms: What do we know, what do we need to know. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 5, 09425, 2003.

Complementary resources

Contact

Schoemann Véronique
Faculté des Sciences
Campus de la Plaine
ULB CP221
boulevard du Triomphe - 1050 Bruxelles
vschoem@ulb.ac.be
Phone: +32 2 650 59 92 - Fax: +32 2 650 59 93

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