Research programme for earth observation "STEREO"


  • Responsible(s) Federal Science Policy: Schyns Jean-Christophe, Vandenabeele Joost
  • Final decision of the Ministers Council: 3/6/2006
  • Duration of the research: 1/12/2006 - 31/12/2020
  • Budget: 54,445,000.00 EUR
  • Research projects: 83


The STEREO programme is funded by the Belgian federal government and managed by the Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO).
STEREO follows the Belgian research programme for Earth observation TELSAT managed by BELSPO since 1984.

STEREO's strategic goal is to develop an autonomous Belgian Earth observation expertise of an international standard as a contribution to the knowledge economy.

This is reflected in the following objectives:


- Maintaining and expanding the Belgian scientific expertise;
- Development of operational products and services;
- User support;
- Valorisation and promotion of Belgian know-how.


- Consolidation of Belgium’s EO potential;
- Promotion of innovation;
- Development of the capacity for Belgian organizations to be involved in international research programmes and projects;
- Support the Belgian EO infrastructure;
- Promotion of extensive interactions with users.


- To support innovative high quality research in the field of remote sensing;
- To stimulate the development of new remote sensing applications;
- To keep/put Belgium on the map as international centre of expertise in a number of remote sensing fields;
- To stimulate international collaborations and to secure integration of Belgian teams in international partnerships;
- To support Belgium’s remote sensing instruments and platforms;
- To introduce the use of remote sensing in new disciplines and to new users;
- To promote remote sensing.


The TELSAT-research programme, which ended in 2000, helped to develop a scientific and technical expertise in technologies for the processing of satellite data at the national level. The STEREO-programme's purpose was to maintain the gained potential, for Belgium to be able to be involved in international programmes, to follow the evolution in technology and to develop the services where the satellite imagery is converted in useful information. A careful consideration has been given within the programme to the use of the hyperspectral data and the execution of the research in networks.

STEREO II and II are expected to maintain and develop high quality scientific expertise gained by Belgian universities and research laboratories during the STEREO I programme. STEREO II and III also seek to strengthen the integration of Earth observation Belgian activities into programmes and activities developed at European (including GMES) and global (including GEOSS) levels. A particular focus was given to establish international cooperation links and to develop applications.

The thematic research priorities are as follows:

• Global monitoring of vegetation and changes in large terrestrial ecosystems
• Environmental management (water, soil, forests, agriculture, coastal areas, urban and suburban areas)
• Health and humanitarian aid
• Security and risk management.

STEREO II: see projects from **/**/100 till **/**/167

STEREO III: see projects from **/**/311 till **/**/315

Research projects:

SR/00/100: Integrating radar remote sensing, hydrologic and hydraulic modelling for surface water management (HYDRASENS)

SR/00/101: Global Agricultural Monitoring systems by integration of earth observation and modelling techniques (GLOBAM)

SR/00/102: Remote Sensing tools to study the EPIdemiology and Space/TIme dynamicS of diseases (EPISTIS)

SR/00/103: A classification framework for habitat status reporting with remote sensing methods (HABISTAT)

SR/00/104: Optical remote sensing of marine and inland waters (BELCOLOUR-2)

SR/00/105: Measuring and modeling urban dynamics: impact on quality of life and hydrology (MAMUD)

SR/00/106: Reliable Image Management Systems in support of urban services and disaster management (RIMS)

SR/00/107: Dynamic predictive mapping using multi-sensor data fusion – demonstration for malaria vector habitat (DYNMAP)

SR/00/109: Remote sensing for characterization of intertidal sediments and microphytobenthic algae (ALGASED)

SR/00/110: MOnitoring soil organic CArbon in coplands using Imaging spactroscopy (MOCA)

SR/00/111: Reconstruction of colour scenes (RECOLOUR)

SR/00/113: A multi-approach tool for the volcanic risk management of the Goma region (North Kivu) (GORISK)

SR/00/114: Development of a remote sensing derived tool to assess the impact of conservation policy measures and drought on East African ecosystems (ENDELEO)

SR/00/116: World Wide Watch by Earth Observation Services (WWW)

SR/00/120: An Innovation Project on Multistatic Opportunistic SAR (MUSAR)

SR/00/122: Monitoring Inland and Coastal waters with the APEX Sensor (MICAS)

SR/00/125: Integration of optical and acoustic remote sensing data over the backshore-foreshore-nearshore continuum, a case study in Oostende (INSHORE)

SR/00/126: Population estimation by remote sensing (POPSATER)

SR/00/127: Earth Observation to support Agricultural Damages Assessment System in Crop Insurance Schemes (ADASCIS)

SR/00/128: World Wide Watch by Earth Observation Services - Phase II (WWW2)

SR/00/131: Biomonitoring of urban habitat quality with airborne hyperspectral observations (BIOHYPE)

SR/00/132: Anthropogenic and physical landscape dynamics in large fluvial systems (APLADYN)

SR/00/133: Remote sensing of the forest transition and its ecosystem impacts in mountain environments (FOMO)

SR/00/134: Advanced airborne hyperspectral remote sensing to support forest management (HYPERFOREST)

SR/00/135: Integrating SPOT-VEGETATION 10-yr Time Series and Land-Surface Modelling to Forecast the Terrestrial Carbon Dynamics in a Changing Climate (VEGECLIM)

SR/00/136: Support to remote sensing based services in Kenya to assess the impact of conservation policy measures and drought on East African ecosystems (ENDELEO/OPS)

SR/00/138: Remote Sensing Data Assimilation in Modelling of Urban Dynamics (ASIMUD)

SR/00/139: Preparation for Geostationary Ocean Colour (GEOCOLOUR)

SR/00/142: Monitoring of large scale small holder reforestation projects for carbon finance mechanisms (MORECA)

SR/00/144: Assessing ecological suitability for the spread of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus in West Africa (TICKRISK)

SR/00/145: Development of an Operational Remote sensing Monitoring System of the UNESCO World Heritage Natural Sites in tropical forest environment (UNESCO-WATCH)

SR/00/146: Processing workflows for thermal and fluorescence sensors (PROCESS)

SR/00/150: Study and monitoring of Virunga volcanoes using Tandem-X (Vi-X)

SR/00/151: Mapping regulating Ecosystem Services using remote SENSing imagEry (ESSENSE)

SR/00/154: Re-using field reference data in space and time for vegetation mapping: the potential of semisupervised and active LEARNing techniques (RE-LEARN)

SR/00/155: Synergy of very high resolution satellite and helicopter data for the spatio‐temporal characterisation of small water body dynamics (SATHELI)

SR/00/156: Remote sensing of turbid waters in the Short Wave Infrared (SWIR: 1-3µm) (SEASWIR)

SR/00/157: Analysis and ground truthing of hyperspectral and LiDAR images in Archaeology (ANAGHLIA)

SR/00/159: Improvement of remote sensing products for soil moisture using ground-penetrating radar (SENSAR)

SR/00/300: BELgian collaborative Agriculture Monitoring at parcel level for sustainable cropping systems (BELCAM)

SR/00/301: High-resolution modelling and monitoring of water and energy transfers in wetland ecosystems (HIWET)

SR/00/302: Improving drought monitoring through assimilating multi-source remote sensing observations in hydrologic models (HYDRAS+)

SR/00/303: Hyperspectral biomonitoring: air quality and the city (HYPERCITY)

SR/00/304: Modelling and forecasting African Urban Population Patterns for vulnerability and health assessments (MAUPP)

SR/00/305: REmote Sensing ans In Situ detection and Tracking of geohazards (RESIST)

SR/00/306: Past climate extremes and their impact on the terrestrial carbon cycle (SAT-EX)

SR/00/307: Urban Ecosystem Analysis supported by Remote sensing (URBANEARS)

SR/00/310: NO2 population Exposure Mapping based on APEX hyperspectral Data (BUMBA)

SR/00/312: Industrial potato monitoring for the Belgian potato sector (IPOT)

SR/00/320: Multitemporal monitoring of fruit orchard vitality with multisensor Belair data (HYPERTEMP)

SR/00/322: • Assessment of isoprene emission by hyperspectral data (HYPI)

SR/00/324: • MUlti Zone phase Unwrapping using advanced Split Band Interferometry (MUZUBI)

SR/00/326: • Proba-V for total suspended matter and turbidity retrieval in coastal areas (PROBA4COAST)

SR/00/328: Close range aerial sensing of soils for improved remote sensing products (RAPAS)

SR/00/335: Hyperspectral and multi-mission high resolution optical remote sensing of aquatic environments (HYPERMAQ)

SR/01/108: Development of a spatio-temporal segmentation algorithm for satellite time series to monitor forest condition (ECOSEG)

SR/02/121: Web-based assessment of operator performance and variability in remote sensing image analysis (WAVARS)

SR/02/124: Improving epidemiological modelling using satellite derived soil moisture proxies (EPIDEMOIST)

SR/02/152: Flood mapping and soil moisture retrieval for improved water management (FLOODMOIST)

SR/02/166: Using the ‘magic’ of satellite images as support for education: Understanding climate change effects on Small Island Developing States (SIDS) (“SIDSAT”)

SR/10/123: Multiscale and multisensor modeling of the spatial distribution of tick-borne diseases (MULTITICK)

SR/10/143: Three dimensional soil organic carbon monitoring using VNIR reflectance spectroscopic techniques (SOC3D)

SR/10/162: Changing farming, bush encroachment, and tick-borne disease risk in southern Norway (BUSHTICK)

SR/11/149: Urban sprawl and ecological corridors: Consolidation of VHRS remote sensing methods (VALI-URB)

SR/11/153: Grazing suitability indicators from Earth Observation to improve buffalo-cattle contact risk models (GRAZEO)

SR/12/140: High resolution merged satellite Sea surface temperature fields (HISEA)

SR/12/158: Inter-sensor Bias Estimation in Sea Surface Temperature (BESST)

SR/20/117: Validation and operationalisation of ETATS (OCTOPUS)

SR/20/165: SPaceborne Radar INterferometric Techniques for Humanitarian Demining Land Release (SPRINT)

SR/34/163: Evapotranspiration: Monitoring at high resolution with MSG and Moderate resolution satellites (EVA-3M)

SR/36/161: Dynamics of river plumes from MERIS, MODIS and GOCI ocean colour data (BEL-GOYA)

SR/37/135: Jellyfish forecasting service based on Earth Observation (JELLYFOR)

SR/67/112: REmote sensing for Seasonal and Overseas Retrieval of Total Suspended Matter (RESORT)

SR/67/146: Multi-temporal Unmixing of Mixed Vegetation Systems: a Focus on Invasive Plant Species Monitoring (VEGEMIX)

SR/67/147: Hyperspectral-hyperspatial data fusion and unmixing techniques to tackle the spectral-spatial resolution trade-off (HYPERMIX)

SR/67/148: Remote sensing support to assist ecological restoration management after heathland fires (HEATHRECOVER)

SR/67/164: Remote Monitoring of tropical Ecosystem Dynamics (ReMEDy)

SR/67/167: BELAIR2013: Belgian BELAIR supersite and pilot campaign

SR/67/311: Drone-based Sediment Mapping for Dredging operations (DRONESED)

SR/67/315: Detection of invasive plant species and assessment of their impact on ecosystem properties through remote sensing (partim remote sensing) (DIARS)

SR/67/327: The evaluation of forthcoming satellites for mapping topsoil organic carbon in croplands (PROSOIL)

SR/67/61A: The Raganello catchment: airborne imaging spectroscopy and laser scanning as an aid for archaeological research and site reconstruction (RAGALIRS)

SR/67/61B: The Raganello catchment: airborne imaging spectroscopy and laser scanning as an aid for archaeological research and site reconstruction (RAGALIRS)


STEREO II : belgisch onderzoeksprogramma voor aardobservatie Belspo  Brussel : Federaal Wetenschapsbeleid, 2015 (SP2618)
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Journées d'information "Observation de la Terre": Bruxelles, Palais des Congrès, 3 octobre 2000   Bruxelles: SSTC, 2001 (SP0721)
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Informatiedag "Aardobservatie": Brussel, Paleis voor Congressen, 3 oktober 2000   Brussel: DWTC, 2001 (SP0722)
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Information day "Earth observation": Brussels, Palais des Congrès, 3 october 2000   Brussels: OSTC, 2001 (SP0723)
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Earth observation by satellite Telsat 4 : final reports, summaries   Brussels : OSTC, 2002 (SP1114)
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Programme de recherche en observation de la Terre "STEREO 1" : des images pour comprendre   Bruxelles : Politique scientifique fédérale, 2007 (SP1860)
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Onderzoeksprogramma inzake Aardobservatie "STEREO 1" : afstand nemen voor een beter begrip   Brussel : Federaal Wetenschapsbeleid, 2007 (SP1861)
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Research programme for Earth observation "STEREO 1" : long distance comprehending   Brussels : Belgian Science Policy, 2007 (SP1862)
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Observation de la Terre en classe : fiches de démonstration de l'utilité de la télédétection au travers des disciplines scientifiques scolaires   Bruxelles : Politique scientifique fédérale, 2007 (SP1863)
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Aardobservatie in de klas : demonstratiefiches over het nut van teledetectie in de wetenschappelijke schoolvakken   Brussel : Federaal Wetenschapsbeleid, 2007 (SP1864)
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Végétation : 10 ans au chevet de la "planète verte"   Bruxelles : Politique scientifique, 2008 (SP2239)
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Vegetation : de groene planeet 10 jaar in het vizier   Brussel : Federaal Wetenschapsbeleid, 2008 (SP2240)
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STEREO II : Belgian Earth observation research programme Belspo  Brussels : Belgian Scientific Policy, 2015 (SP2619)
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STEREO II : Programme belge de recherche en observation de la Terre Belspo  Bruxelles : Politique scientifique fédérale, 2015 (SP2620)
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