Carte A. Dumont
The Belgian André Hubert DUMONT (Liège 1806 - Liège 1857) was a surveyor-topographer by training, who received a doctorate in mathematics and natural sciences in 1835. He was a professor of minerology and geology at the University of Liège, later becoming rector, two years before his death. In 1836, the government of the young country of Belgium commissioned him to create a geological map of the four southern provinces of Belgium. In 1837 this commission was extended to include the northern provinces. André Hubert DUMONT is chiefly known as the author of the first geological map of Belgium, which he presented in 1849 to the Belgian Royal Academy of Sciences, Letters and Fine Arts. His map is based on lithological and stratigraphic criteria, excluding the paleontological aspects. He made more detailed geological maps on which the transitions between his map and those of neighbouring countries are included. Later, he conceived the plan to create a geological map of Europe (1875) by incorporating work performed in other countries, but he was unable to complete the project before his death. His father, Jean-Baptiste Dumont, a mining engineer, had introduced him to Earth sciences at an early age. His son, André DUMONT (1847-1920) was an engineer-geologist and a professor of mining engineering/geology at the Katholieke Universiteit van Leuven and the discoverer of the coalfields in the Campine (Kempen) region of Belgium. Research into these deposits led to the development of seven coalmines.
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